The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936) Movie Script

Justin, your carriage is waiting.
All right, all right. One moment.
Dr. Francois
No, justice!
In what way did he wrong you?
He killed my wife!
With his very hands.
He gave her fever.
Childbed fever.
But you can't blame a doctor for that.
Yes. Read this.
Louis Pasteur.
Now who is he?
He is a menace to science
The shooting of Dr. Francois proves it.
Now, monsieurs
If Pasteur is allowed to continue
He will make the practice of
medicine unsafe
for us physicians and
surgeons of France.
You have all read the pamphlet.
Louis Pasteur
He isn't even a doctor, sire.
He's a mere chemist.
A chemist
You don't say.
You remember a few years ago
he was the cause of a slight controversy
on the subject of sour wine.
Oh yes. I recall.
He claimed to have found
little animals in it
Infinitesimal beasts.
But are there such creatures?
Do they really exist?
Your majesty, microscopic organisms
have long been observed.
They spring into being
of their own accord.
Wherever there is putrid matter
or fermentation.
They are the result rather than
the cause of disease.
By heating wine to certain temperatures,
M. Pasteur was able to destroy them.
I presume he plans to cure
blood poisoning in the same manner.
Namely by boiling our blood.
Heaven forbid.
It's not unlikely I assure you.
But I won't have it, Charbonnet.
I won't tolerate such practices.
We're not living in the middle ages.
This is France. Paris.
The nineteenth century.
I think M. Pasteur should be allowed
to defend himself.
But, your majesty...
I too have read the pamphlets,
Dr. Charbonnet
They said nothing about boiling blood.
Merely to boil the instruments
that you surgeons use.
Your majesty, if I did
anything so absurd
as to boil my instruments
or scrub my hands
they'd think I was a witchdoctor
resorting to charms
and laugh me out of the hospital.
That would be a novelty, monsieur.
Most people who go to hospitals
are carried out.
Yes, Charbonnet
Because our criminal disregard of germs
and their power to invade
the bloodstream
is causing a death rate
in childbirth alone
of three out of every ten mothers.
Or in the city of Paris so that twenty
thousand innocent and
helpless women annually
This being the case, gentlemen,
I leave it to you to decide.
which of us should be called murderer.
I know what they'll say to that.
"Give us proof."
As if the dead and dying
weren't proof enough
for their stupidity.
But, Louis
You can't be sure.
You haven't found the germs.
How about those slides.
Do they show anything?
Fifty eight tests. All negative.
-And yours.
-Here's one.
With a few short chains.
Let me see it.
According to Semmelweis
There has never been
a case of childbed fever
unless the doctor or midwife
had been in recent contact
with another victim of the disease.
What luck.
Nothing definite
Try again
Yes, again, again and again
Remember our aim.
Find the microbe.
Kill the microbe.
Yes, Annette?
There's someone at the door.
-Who is it?
-I don't know. I didn't look.
Service of his majesty the emperor
of France
A letter for M. Pasteur.
He isn't here, monsieur.
No? Then who is that?
M. Pasteur.
"invitation to the palace"
The emperor.
If I could only convince him.
No, no, no, thank you.
Now, Annette, we must hurry and
get the surprise ready.
-Can I help?
-We'll all help, darling.
This isn't the palace.
Excuse me stopping, monsieur.
One moment.
My wife is very sick.
The doctor warned me.
You could have done nothing, doctor.
She's been in a coma for two days.
-Childbed fever?
-No doubt.
A pity.
It was an act of providence.
No, ignorance.
You are going to another confinement?
Yes, monsieur.
The Countess Devilleveau
for Dr. Charbonnet.
Please, use a clean one.
Your majesty
I have a surprise for you.
Who do you think is here?
I am most curious, your majesty.
-Here at the palace?
I sent for him.
The emperor has never seen a germ.
He's very skeptical.
If he will honor me
by looking at these slides...
M. Pasteur
You are wanted.
I wonder how you handle this apparatus.
The empress
Let me see.
Oh, well
Come come, Pasteur, tell us precisely
what you mean.
The hospitals of Paris are pest houses.
There's scarcely a doctor in the city
who's not carrying death
on his hands and instruments.
Because of microbes, monsieur?
Your private menagerie
of invisible beasts?
Dr. Charbonnet could see them
for himself.
If he took the trouble
to use his microscope.
He could watch them multiply
into murderous millions.
They breed in filth.
They may start from the gutters
of Paris tonight
and by tomorrow claim some mother
from this very court.
To think that a human being
could be destroyed
by an animal ten thousand times
smaller than a flea.
It's as though an army of ants
were to overthrow
your majesty's empire.
A young woman
the wife of one of the court servants
died here this evening.
A victim of your bigotry.
You dare accuse me of murder?
But that isn't the end.
The midwife who attended her
will carry the infection to your next
and more illustrious patient
Countess Gabrielle Devilleveau
You should know better, monsieur.
The Countess Gabrielle
is her majesty's sister.
I forbid any more.
Oh, M. Pasteur, it's most fascinating
If you please, my dear.
Your majesty, I...
Is it not true that you are
the author of a pamphlet
which caused the death
of a noted physician?
And also that you practice
medicine of a kind?
I don't practice medicine.
I'm trying to put a stop
to the negligence of those who do.
In the preservation of wine and beer
you have been of service to France.
We appreciate it.
In the future you will
confine your work to that field.
It is my wish, nay, my command.
And if you have any
more theories to offer
you will first present them in writing
to the Academy of Medicine.
which is the proper guardian
of our national health.
What about the pamphlet
he's already written?
As for that pamphlet, monsieur
You will publish an immediate retraction
or suffer my displeasure.
Permit me, monsieur.
I'm Jean Martel, physician and surgeon.
Graduate of the Institute Frances
doctor of medicine from Le Sorbonne
Secretary of Hygiene,
member of the International
Association of Doctors at Edinburgh
Personally, I'm convinced there is
some truth in what you say
You honor me.
Charbonnet is a fool when it comes
to anything new or the least bit...
I beg your pardon.
Aren't you Dr. Charbonnet's assistant?
Yes I suppose I am.
It's your duty to respect him then.
Not to ridicule him.
I, monsieur?
Good night.
He's coming!
-He's coming.
-Light the candles
-Light the candles quickly
-Light the candles
Stop that.
You have to pack.
We're leaving Paris tomorrow.
You all are aware of the conditions
upon which Bismark has consented
to withdraw the German
armies from France
In addition to forfeiting
we must pay an immediate indemnity
of five billion francs
The question is
how are we to raise such a sum?
Your excellency
Our industries are at a standstill.
Farms are being neglected.
A devastating plague destroys our cattle
at a cost of millions of francs annually
This being the case
my efforts to raise money
have failed everywhere
in one small province.
the district of Arbois
But if Arbois can pay
why not the others?
For some reason they haven't been
affected by the plague
Is that true, Dr. Radisse?
I don't know, your excellency.
If there is no disease
in the cattle of Arbois
it is our duty to learn why.
Perhaps they've found
some means of preventing it.
Your excellency,
every farmer has a so called
cure for anthrax
The Academy of Science has
listened to thousands
How do you account for this phenomenon?
Sometimes it happens
a few would be immune.
Arbois, it seems is
particularly fortunate.
That is only guesswork, Dr. Radisse.
I suggest that you make
a thorough investigation immediately.
France is in desperate need.
Her resources must be
tapped to the limit.
Every animal that you
can save for slaughter
will buy back some Frenchman's
liberty and self respect
They really don't look sick.
Luck, that's all, pure luck.
Let's ask that boy a few questions.
Come on, come please.
Hello there, young man.
Have any of your animals
died of anthrax lately?
Anthrax? What's that?
You know. The Black Plague.
Oh, Black Plague.
They used to but not any more.
Just as I thought. These fields
have become immune.
But how, doctor? Why?
My dear friend, that question
is beyond the scope of science.
When you ask me how or why,
I must refer you to the theologian.
When the sheep were sick
did your master do
anything to help them?
He couldn't do much for the sick ones.
But there's a man who does
something for the others.
And they stay well.
Like these here.
What man?
See that house over there by the bridge?
-He lives there
I beg your pardon.
I'm Jean Martel.
This is Dr. Radisse.
Chairman of the agricultural board
of the new republic.
Oh, visitors.
See here. What is this nonsense?
What do you think you're doing
to those sheep?
Vaccinating them against
the anthrax bacillus.
-The what?
-The microbe, monsieur.
The germ that causes anthrax.
Do you hear that, Martel?
The germ.
We were sent to Arbois
to discover, if possible,
why your sheep escaped the plague.
You're quite welcome, monsieur.
My name is Annette. Annette Pasteur.
You. You mean...
I'm quite sure Father would
be delighted to see you.
Not Louis Pasteur. That, that chemist?
Now where are you going?
Didn't you promise me to rest?
I'll be right back, dear. Be right back.
So you are now the saviour
of the sheep, monsieur?
Very interesting
He's the man who was responsible
for the death of Dr. Francois
Remember? He was run out of Paris.
Not quite, doctor.
Don't deny it. You were. And you were
warned not to practice.
Positively forbidden.
A prophet is never without
followers it seems.
But rarely such intelligent ones.
These animals know what's good for them.
Perhaps you will tell me
what's good for them.
I'd like to know too.
I'm afraid it's hopeless but I'll try.
Will you try and explain to Dr. Radisse
what we're doing?
He's a member of the
Academy of Medicine.
So you'll have to use
very simple language.
We're convinced, doctor, after eight
years of experimenting
that this vaccine when injected
into the animal
will set up an immunity.
Ridiculous. It would take eighty years
to convince me.
Aren't you a little optimistic?
You're wasting your money.
But I don't pay. It's free.
Come along, Martel. I've heard enough.
Are you coming?
No. I'm going to stay.
Drive on.
Still disobeying your superiors, eh?
I didn't think
you remembered me, monsieur.
I remember you indeed.
The night at the palace
when I told the emperor
Countess Devilleveau would die.
You were right. She did die.
And Charbonnet has never forgiven you.
May I ask why you want to stay?
I'm no longer an
idle courtier, monsieur.
I work for the government. My job is to
help the farmers of France.
So if you don't mind...
-Yes, Father?
Ask your mother if we have
room for a guest.
Oh, I'm quite sure we have.
I mean I'll go find out.
So you want to render your country
a real service, is that it?
Why, yes I do.
Come with me.
This should be of interest to you.
I have here the complete life history
of the anthrax bacillus in a form
even the layman can understand.
For example,
this slide reveals a number
of dormant germs
or spores, as we call them
which are found in the grass and soil
wherever diseased animals
have been buried.
In this state
the germ hibernates, so to speak
the way a caterpillar does in a cocoon.
And they remain inanimate for years.
But the moment these germs
find themselves
in a favorable medium
such as the warm blood of a sheep
they immediately change form
and grow into long rods.
Like this.
Let us now look at the blood of
a healthy animal.
Before any germs have entered it.
Those are living blood cells
as we find them
in a normal healthy sheep.
How do the spores get
into the bloodstream?
They're swallowed with the grass
that the creature eats.
But soon we find that
the spores have changed
into fully developed germs.
Deadly and prolific.
Here we have the blood of a sick animal.
This time with the anthrax
bacillus present.
Note the rods that occur among the cells
Those are the culprits we're fighting.
At this stage, the animal
is doomed to die.
Once it is buried, however, the germs
cease to be active
and become spores again.
As time goes on
they're liberated into the soil.
to be blown about in the dust
and pollute the grass.
Hence the continued
recurrence of the plague.
And you say these spores
are present even here?
In the pastures at Arbois?
Every acre of ground that I've tested.
The only reason our cattle stay healthy
is because of my vaccine.
For an animal that hasn't
been vaccinated
Arbois is one of the worst areas
in all of France.
Where are they taking these sheep?
I don't know.
Boncourt, find out where they're going.
What's that?
Radisse is responsible for this.
Government field.
Government field.
-That stupidity is inexcusable.
-We must stop them
Stop them! Stop them!
Stop them!
We're not letting the sick ones through.
Only the healthy ones.
They'll die I tell you.
The fields aren't safe.
They're raging with contagion.
As a representative of the government
I've inspected these fields
and they're safe.
But that's so wrong. It's been proven
that they're not.
-stop them
-come on, come on. stand back.
Isn't there anyone we can appeal to?
I've seen with my own eyes
what Pasteur can do.
And has done for the sheep
and cattle of Arbois.
We on the other hand, members
of the Academy of Medicine,
have contributed nothing
in the fight against anthrax.
Then why in heaven's name
don't we listen to a man who has?
Pasteur was discovered to be a charlatan
ten years ago
when he made ludicrous claims
concerning the cause of childbed fever.
Claims that he was never able to prove.
Consequently I see no reason
for humoring him further.
I disagree.
If someone has a cure for anthrax
I want to know about it.
So do I.
Will the visitors in the gallery
please keep quiet.
-Dr. Radisse
-Thank you.
There is just one question
I want to raise.
And that is this.
Whether Dr. Martel's purpose here
is to further the cause of science
or the cause of love.
Personally I am of the latter opinion.
For having met M. Pasteur's
amiable daughter
I can hardly blame our young collegue
for wishing to become his son-in-law.
I protest, Mr. Chairman.
I'm here because I think
Pasteur is right.
I know he's right.
And he will doubtless reward you
for your splendid efforts on his behalf.
Dr. Rossignol
Friends, collegues,
I should like to propose an experiment
that will rid us once and for all
of this medical mountebank,
Louis Pasteur.
In my laboratory I found that
I can produce anthrax in healthy sheep
by injecting into them
the dark poisonous
blood of an animal already
affected with the disease.
This treatment invariably
results in death.
Let us take fifty normal healthy sheep
twenty five of which will
be vaccinated by M. Pasteur
the other twenty five will
remain as they are.
I shall then infect all fifty
sheep with anthrax
by the method I've just explained.
And i defy any man or any vaccine
to save one of them.
Pasteur would be a fool to try it.
He wouldn't dare.
Dr. Martel
Well, I...
I can't take it upon myself.
Well, if this treatment
is all that you say it is
-Yes, let him prove it, let him prove it
-I dare him to try it.
I accept.
M. Pasteur
Thank you.
-Dr. Rossignol
-One moment, please.
Just Dr. Rossignol, please.
This is the last one.
If you wait for me,
I'll go home with you
Don't you have to stay here?
Oh no. No, that's against
the rules of the experiment.
Then Father can go home with us too?
Having treated these twenty five animals
with your magic vaccine
your contention is that
they are now immune?
And I am at liberty to inject into them
the blood of an animal
that has died of anthrax?
If you insist, doctor.
But it's a very clumsy way
of introducing the disease.
Much simpler if you
use the germ instead.
Who said anything about germs?
Well, what do you think causes anthrax?
Anthrax is generated within the body.
It does not come from an outside source
Well, why inject anything?
-Why not let it generate?
Are you going to abide by
the rules of this experiment?
Or would you rather admit your defeat
here and now?
Proceed, doctor.
By all means, proceed.
-It merely occurred to me
-Too many things occur to you.
That's your trouble.
We're ready, doctors.
Oh. Go ahead.
I say, M. Pasteur
would you care to make a statement
to the London Times?
The sheep that have not been
treated by me
will die of anthrax
within forty eight hours.
The others won't even be ill, I suppose.
At least let us hope they won't.
For the sake of France.
To the end of microbes.
And their high priest, Louis Pasteur.
Try not to worry, Louis
I should have stayed.
I shouldn't have left them.
Who's there?
Besides Dr. Rossignol said
it was against the rules.
Rules. what nonsense.
You realize what this means?
Tomorrow if you're successful,
every farmer in Europe
will want your vaccine
You won't have a moment's peace
day or night.
The benefits of science
are not for scientists, Marie.
They're for humanity.
Our opponents are on their way.
Well, Rossignol or Pasteur.
Which is it going to be?
I say Rossignol. He's a member
of the academy.
I say M. Pasteur will win.
Please, one moment.
Well, they're having quite a crowd.
It's amazing. People have come
from all over Europe
To see the acrobats or the Punch
and Judy show?
These rural entertainers are like fleas
the slightest crowd attracts them.
Thank you, monsieur.
Dr. Lister, one moment, please.
Lister? Well, well.
Dr. Lister from England?
The press would appreciate a statement
Lister. How extraordinary.
What brings you here?
The same reason that
brings you, my friends.
How do you do.
-I'm sorry. After you.
-No, after you.
-After you.
-No, after you.
-Pasteur was right.
-So far.
Now let's see the ones he treated.
Well, they won't die, eh?
You couldn't convince me.
They're all alive and healthy.
As you predicted.
My faithful friend.
Let me shake your hand.
Father, Father, I'm so happy.
And I'm so proud, dear.
Jean, isn't this wonderful?
At last, monsieur, a triumph!
For you too, my boy.
Jean has something to ask you.
Well, let him ask.
M. Pasteur, what I wanted to say was
M. Pasteur
Since my arrival at Arbois
I have come to know you
and your family quite well.
M. Pasteur...
Yes, well, well?
Well, I feel...
Jean is trying to ask you for my hand.
Yes, we want to be married.
Well, I should hope so.
It doesn't seem possible.
How can they be alive?
I can't understand it either.
It's very easy to understand. Pasteur
was right and we were wrong.
His vaccine does prevent anthrax.
We have a great man in our midst.
A great man.
I quite agree.
I forsee marvelous benefits
for the world.
Especially in the field of surgery.
Why not tell Pasteur
yourself, Dr. Lister?
I'd be delighted to. I want to meet him.
Oh, here he is now. Pardon me.
Excuse me.
Look at those eyes
sparkling with health.
M. Pasteur
If I've been skeptical, I
I beg of you to forgive me.
It's a miracle.
Thank you, thank you.
Dr. Lister. He wants to meet you.
He's travelled all the way from England.
I feel it a great honor to be present.
The honor is mine, doctor.
I'm well acquainted with the work
you're doing in antiseptics.
Thanks to you and your
brilliant leadership.
Such is fame.
Mad dog!
Mad dog!
Mad dog!
He bit me!
Take him to the blacksmith's.
See? This is one.
Make ten of none.
Count two and three
before let be. Come five and six
the witch's fix.
late seven and eight, this
can be straight
And nine is one and ten is none.
And this is the witch's once once one.
Not all the doctors in Europe
could do more for him.
He'll be lucky if he doesn't
get rabies even now.
And yet if we could find the cause.
The cause of rabies, doctor.
Perhaps a cure would follow.
There must be a way.
At this hour
Why doesn't Jean come home?
-He's working with father.
-But he's my husband.
Bu dear, he hasn't forgotten that.
Science, science
Everything's science.
I'm going to have a baby.
Doesn't he realize that?
When I was your age, I had babies
but I didn't cry about it.
Yes, and how many of them lived?
Oh, Mother, I'm so frightened.
Now, now
I want to see Father.
I want to talk to him.
You'll alarm him needlessly.
Aren't you ashamed?
You know how easily worried he is.
Where is M. Pasteur?
He can't be disturbed just now.
What is it?
It's about the veterinarian.
You wait here. I'll speak to him.
It doesn't work.
Nothing works.
We've been following the same
procedure that we did with anthrax.
Which only shows how little we know
about disease.
Nature's far too subtle
to repeat herself.
I'm sorry, Jean, darling.
You're in the middle of an experiment.
I didn't mean to disturb you.
It's all right, dear.
You better go back.
Father might need you.
In a while. I'll see you home.
It won't be necessary. I have
the coach with me.
Attention, all of you.
So far we've been unable to find
the microbe
that causes rabies.
Yet our experiments have shown
that it exists.
Now listen carefully.
As soon as the veterinarian comes
Where's Martel?
Just a moment, please.
-Good night, dear.
-Good night.
-Good night
-Where is he? What is he doing?
-Annette was here.
-How is she?
-She's all right.
It's eleven o'clock, Louis. Now what
about your supper?
Oh, a minute, dear. Just a minute.
You said a minute three hours ago
and you've eaten nothing.
And we could all do with
a little supper, I think.
All right. Tell them to stop.
We're to resume in half an hour.
-yes, Madam
There you are.
That's the veterinarian. Open the door.
I have a letter for you.
It came by special post from England.
From Dr. Lister. Let me see it.
Not until you've eaten.
-Oh, but it's important, Marie.
-Very well.
I'll read it to you.
Dear, sir
My observations lead me to believe
you are a scoundrel.
I'm told you are a slave driver
to your assistants.
That you neglect your wife,
abuse your family
This is no time to joke.
No. Not until you've eaten.
I'll tell you what he said.
My dear Pasteur,
That's different.
Your recent paper on the known sources
of infection is admirable
in every detail.
Forgive the frankness with which
a common love of science
inspires me. I embrace you.
My fellow workers
in Brussels and Prague
have reported that their hospitals
are rapidly becoming safe.
Mothers can go to them without fear.
That's where Annette should be sent
for her confinement.
These doctors in Paris
That isn't all he says.
I do not hesitate to acclaim you
the most valuable man yet to enter
the field of science.
it's nothing, Marie
It's a dog.
A mad dog.
Open his mouth.
I want to get as much of it as I can.
Steady now.
Louis, stop!
-Not hydrophobia.
I've pledged myself to find a cure.
I can't stop now.
Not until I've exhausted every effort
to rid the world of this deadly disease.
M. Pasteur refuses to attend our meeting
But he continues to impose on
the credulity of the people.
Too often has he touted the columns
of the papers with his theories.
What about his vaccine for anthrax?
That's not a theory. It's a fact.
It not only elected him to this academy
But it helped our poor farmers
save enough money
to pay for the entire
Franco-Prussian war.
In the name of French science
Science? You abuse the word.
I stand here to defend
the honor of French medicine
against the tricks of a charlatan.
Dr. Zaranoff
I am a Prussian.
I came here for a different purpose.
Commissioned by my government
to investigate Pasteur's efforts.
His fame has spread to the peasantry
of my country
who for centuries have been preyed upon
by rabid wolves.
I have spent
all my life studying rabies or
hydrophobia as we call it.
And monsieurs
I would worship
I would kneel to any man who
would point the way to a cure.
I deny that miccrobes can be the cause
of rabies or any other disease.
Dr. Charbonnet
How do we know that
bacteria are not harmful?
How do we know they do not do
their deadly work as Pasteur claims?
If Pasteur is not willling to come to us
let us go to Pasteur.
To be humiliated further? You, I,
the whole academy?
Humility is a virtue, monsieur.
Not only in those who suffer
but in those who hope to heal.
All right, let us go.
Let us see what this great man
can teach us.
Thank you, madam
Fortunately we found you in, monsieur.
It's the wish of some that
the Academy of Medicine honor you.
Honor me?
And to be brief
Dr. Zaranoff here has been reading your
recent statements in the journal.
How do you do, doctor?
Promising a cure for rabies.
The press takes liberties, doctor.
As usual, my remarks were
grossly exaggerated.
In other words, you have no grounds
for making such a prediction?
not yet
I didn't think so.
What an odor!
In your last paper
to the academy, monsieur
you stated that you were on
the threshold of a vast new world.
Might I inquire if you've
crossed that threshold?
Science takes a step
then another
then it stops and reflects
before taking a third.
A mother takes a nursing child,
puts it down, says, "walk"
The child takes the first step.
then another
then it stops unsteadily.
Would the mother be right
to say to him, "You are hesitating."?
You will never walk?
Put out that pipe. It stinks
to high heaven.
You were saying.
Step by step, I'm reaching
the ultimate conclusion.
That microbes are
the cause of all disease.
If you men are still skeptical
if microbes are still
a myth to you then listen.
One drop of this rabies virus
on the slightest scratch
will kill a man.
I hold enough in my hands
to wipe out a whole city.
To think that this could kill a man.
All I want now is to have you
predict the hour of my death.
It's over a month now
and he's still in perfect health.
-I saw him here yesterday
-You did?
Oh, here he comes now.
-Hello, Charbonnet. How are you today?
-Splendid. Never felt better.
According to Pasteur, you ought
to be in your grave.
The more germs I take the better I feel.
Cecile, please tell Monsieur that
Dr. Rossignol is here.
yes, madam.
Something ought to be done.
I've just come from the boulevard.
Charbonnet is making a
laughingstock of your husband.
Parading up and down, showing off
doing everything he can
to attract attention to himself.
And ridiculing M. Pasteur.
Louis doesn't mind ridicule.
If he thinks he's right,
that's all that matters.
M. Pasteur, I've come to warn you
about Charbonnet.
You can't afford to be made ridiculous.
The work you're doing is too important.
I wish it were.
It isn't. Not yet.
My results have all been negative.
You haven't been able
to discover the microbe?
Is that what you mean?
Not a sign.
You seemed so confident
the day we were here.
I still am.
Every animal that was inoculated with
the contents of that test tube died.
Charbonnet, for some reason,
resisted the disease.
Why I don't know.
Louis, are you sure
it was the same tube?
Positive. It was the only
specimen I had.
You may have let it stand too long.
You told me once the germs grow weaker.
Less virulent with age.
It might be.
How old was that virus when Charbonnet
injected it into his arm?
Fourteen days.
And when was it last used on the rabbit?
Oh, about a week before, I believe.
A week. Are you sure?
Just a moment. Here's the record.
-Nine days to be exact.
-There's your answer.
It must be.
It's the only conceivable explanation.
You think by allowing the virus to age
you were able to render it harmless?
Not harmless but weak.
Weak enough for the system to overcome.
Even if that's true,
it won't help you any.
When a man is bitten
he gets the germ full strength.
Not attenuated.
But suppose we started with
a fourteen day old virus
that's no longer deadly?
Suppose we injected it
into a healthy animal
and day by day as nature
builds up its resistance
we increase the dosage
with stronger fresher virus
Until the animal is able
to withstand the actual
disease that we find
in the world at large.
Would he not then be immune?
It would be impossible.
It would never work.
If the first injection didn't kill him
the second would.
Or the third.
Where are those tubes
you've been preparing?
Right here.
Let me have them.
They're all in order.
Each one is dated.
Here we are.
Fourteen days.
Yes, monsieur.
-Jean, how many dogs do we have left?
Are they well, healthy?
In perfect condition.
They've never been exposed.
Give them hydrophobia.
You mean?
Give them hydrophobia.
Open the door.
There you are.
There you are.
Everybody gets his share.
If it hadn't been for Charbonnet
we might never have
discovered this treatment.
Poor Charbonnet.
Little does he know that
he's been our favorite guinea pig.
Yes, dear.
Will you come, please?
There's a doctor to see you.
A doctor?
Wait a minute, wait a minute.
M. Pasteur, I am Dr. Pfeiffer.
I apologize for not giving you notice
but we came all the way from Alsace.
Oh, I beg your pardon. Here they are.
Madam Meister, monsieur.
Her child is a patient of mine.
The boy has been bitten by a dog.
I have done everything I could
but there is very little.
-Should he develop hydrophobia
-You can help him
They told us you could.
Give me your hand, little fellow.
Don't be afraid. I won't hurt you.
My little boy.
My little Joseph.
How long has it been?
Five days.
Have you cauterized the wound?
Not right away.
It must have been twenty four hours.
Does that mean I'm going to die?
Of course not.
Little boys don't die.
They have too much to live for.
He won't live. He won't. I know he won't
Last year it was
the laborer's child of ours.
-Now he...
-Keep quiet!
-What does that have to do with you?
-Oh, save him!
Save him, save him!
Put him to bed
and see that he's kept warm.
There now
You mustn't be frightened.
We'll go upstairs, shall we?
You must be tired
after all that long journey.
-I'm coming, darling.
I'm coming.
Are you quite sure the dog was rabid?
Beyond a doubt. I made the test myself.
Is there anything you can do?
I don't know. I'm just experimenting.
I have hopes but I...
Find Dr. Rossignol for me at once.
What harm in this
is there, Dr. Rossignol?
I'm sorry.
Since death is the only
alternative for the boy
I would be willing to try anything.
Wouldn't you, Dr. Rossignol?
I'm sorry. I can't agree.
Much as I admire
Pasteur's accomplishments.
Nevertheless, when human
life is at stake
I'd have to take a long while before
going contrary to
the best medical knowledge.
Which in this case means
to let the boy die.
We do what we can,
administer drugs, sedatives
Is there a single cure
of hydrophobia on record?
I'm not arguing for it.
I'm merely pointing out
what the accepted treatment
happens to be.
To embark upon a new course
is always dangerous.
From a professional point of view.
And it would be doubly so for M. Pasteur
who is a chemist
not a doctor.
And could expect no support
from the medical profession.
For his sake, therefore,
I strongly advise
That nothing irregular be attempted.
Good evening, monsieurs.
You're not going to
listen to him, are you?
Don't misunderstand me.
My treatment has saved dogs.
Ten of them.
But I haven't the faintest
notion what effect
it would have upon a human being.
If I failed
It would mean prison
the guillotine.
If you change your mind,
I beg of you, let me know.
Good night.
You didn't.
They'll put you in prison.
They'll put you in prison.
He's asleep.
Good morning, Jean.
Good morning, madam.
Any news of Annette?
Seems to me the time is drawing near.
That's what I want to talk to you about.
The doctor I've been counting on is ill.
I'm sure Louis will find someone
to take his place.
Yes, but when it comes
to the use of antiseptics
It's very difficult to find
anyone you can trust.
Yes, monsieur.
How is the boy?
He has a fever.
The third injection made him ill.
Is Roux with him?
What are you going to do now?
Give him a fourth.
A fifth. A sixth.
If he lives.
Is that test finished?
-No, not quite.
-Why not?
What's wrong?
One of the vials was
accidentally broken.
Idiots! Clumsy fools.
I will not stand for it. Do you hear?
Do it yourself.
Very well.
Don't let another soul touch it.
You haven't closed your eyes
in forty eight hours.
There'll be time enough later.
But there won't.
That's just the trouble.
You'll go on and on.
I've been lucky all my life.
Luckier than I deserved.
But if i fail now
You won't fail.
The boy will recover.
And when he does, we'll go away.
We'll take a long vacation.
Martel, Roux
All of them.
They need it more than we do.
How fine they've been.
How patient.
They'll never know how grateful I am.
-Why don't you should tell them?
-I will.
I will.
And you, Marie...
You, most of all.
What have I done
to warrant such devotion?
Do you remember what you said
when you asked me to marry you?
You said,
There's nothing about me
to attract a young girl's fancy.
But those who've known me very well
have come to like me.
Did I say that?
Was I really that vain?
You knew better too.
You were looking in a mirror
when you said that.
This way, please.
A thousand pardons for intruding.
I just came from the Russian embassy.
Look out the window.
They are peasants.
Victims of rabid wolves.
My government has sent them to you.
So soon?
Madam, your husband's cure's
the talk of the country.
But it hasn't been proven yet.
That's why they're here.
To offer themselves
for the test, Pasteur.
It's a marvelous oppotunity.
Yes, a marvelous oppotunity. To kill!
To murder.
Stay away, Louis.
Don't let them see you.
I'm a scientist, Zaranoff,
not a magician.
My treatment was intended for dogs.
But these are men.
Pasteur, think of it.
Surely you won't refuse.
Pasteur, Pasteur, Pasteur
Take them to the hospital.
Isolate them.
I want a full report on every case.
Thank you, monsieur, thank you.
More than life.
What a triumph
Good day, madam. A thousand pardons.
Good day, doctor.
Yes, Cecile.
How's the boy?
The same. He's had the injection.
That makes four.
Tell the men they're not to leave
the laboratory under any circumstances.
Is that clear?
-I may need them at a moment's notice.
-Very well.
Now madam, what should
I tell the coachman?
Is he still here?
-He's waiting in the kitchen.
-Just a moment.
It's Annette and Dr. LeClaire is ill.
-LeClaire ill?
-I think I better call Jean.
Not a word to Jean.
-Jean stays here.
-He's her husband.
-The work he's doing must be finished.
But what are we going to do?
Don't worry.
I'll see she gets the proper care.
Is the doctor in?
Dr. Ferrare is out on a case.
He won't be home until midnight.
Is Dr. Zomia in
I'm very sorry, monsieur,
but the doctor's gone
to the Riviera for a month's vacation
he was here last time
-Is there any message?
-No, no, thank you.
Dominic, hold on. I want to speak to you
I want to speak to you.
I need help. My daughter's
having a child.
Splendid but why come to me?
Is she all right?
This is my wife, Dr. Charbonnet.
She will help you.
-You can depend on her.
-Madam, I am deeply honored.
Cecile, boil some water.
I'll go back to Annette.
A large kettle full.
You're not going to use those
instruments without boiling them?
I won't permit it.
My dear Pasteur, I'm doing this
as a professional courtesy.
Do it my way.
All right. I'll do it your way.
But I'll make a bargain with you.
A bargain?
I, Louis Pasteur,
If I live another month
without contracting hydrophobia
I shall be priveledged to publish this
in the leading scientific
journals of Europe.
-Keep them boiling
Yes, monsieur.
-Where's the patient?
-Wait, wait.
Wash your hands first.
Take it all off.
Now roll up your sleeves.
Wash them to the elbows.
What's that?
Don't be afraid. It's only
a little bichloride.
Now use the brush.
The brush, the brush.
Yes, yes. In a moment.
There. Does that suit you
Yes. That's better.
Now there's a clean towel over there.
Cecile, hurry.
You may go in now. My daughter's ready.
Don't touch it!
Your hands.
Your hands.
You've spoiled it now.
You'll have to wash them again.
See here. I've brought hundreds
of babies into the world.
Remember our bargain.
Do as I say.
Such foolishness.
Now, hold them up high.
What next?
Touch nothing but the patient.
What about my instruments?
They'll be brought to you.
Louis, we have a grandson.
A grandson.
Dr. Charbonnet, come quickly.
My husband's ill.
Louis. Louis.
He's had a stroke.
My left side is paralyzed?
Only slightly.
It's nothing serious.
When did it happen?
A few days ago.
A few days.
You were more tired than anything else.
Feeling better?
The Meister boy.
He's doing splendidly.
Thank God.
The Russians.
Have you been able to help them?
The hospital refused
to allow our treatment
without permission from the academy.
The permission was granted this morning.
But it was too late,
Three of them died yesterday.
-Let me up.
-Please, Louis.
I must go.
How many are left?
Nineteen. But it's no use.
It's hopeless.
If our efforts can save one
it will be well worth it.
Let me up, someone.
Get me dressed.
What's going on, doctor?
Pasteur himself is going
to treat the Russians.
But I'm afraid it's too late.
-Dr. Charbonnet, why don't you come in?
-I don't want to disturb him.
Patient number one
three cc's
Patient number two
Dr. Charbonnet
I didn't thank you for
delivering my grandchild.
You've been ill, monsieur.
I'm sorry.
Perhaps this note will help
speed your recovery.
A bargain's a bargain.
I want the Pasteur treatment
for hydrophobia.
How are they today?
Much better.
That's good.
Nineth day, patient number one.
-Any change?
-Not this morning.
Continue treatment.
-Eight day old virus?
Patient number five.
How are the Russian patients today?
Doing very well.
Pasteur makes his final visit tomorrow.
Good morning, doctor.
Good morning, madam.
How is my little Joseph this morning?
He's fine and such an appetite.
Go right in.
He's gone.
He's gone.
You little rascal you.
Now get dressed.
But how can we ever get Monsieur there?
I'll take care of that part of it.
He won't consent to go if he suspects.
He won't suspect.
You leave that to me.
M. Pasteur
Are you ready?
Now you wait a moment.
I've a little surprise for you
to take home.
M. Pasteur
Madam Meister wants to thank you
once more before leaving.
I think you are a man who
will always be remembered.
No, no, no, no
Good bye.
-Good bye
-Good bye, monsieur.
-Good bye.
-Can you write?
Would you like to write to me?
Yes, very much.
Let me hear from you
every month.
Won't you?
Yes I will.
Don't forget.
I'll be looking for your letters.
Thank you.
By the way, Louis
Roux's just told me
that a foreign scientist
is a lecturer at the academy tonight.
He claims to have disproven
your entire germ theory.
Who is he?
What's his name?
I don't know.
Order me a carriage.
I've got to be there.
You're just in time.
Courage, dear.
I'll be listening from the balcony.
Whom are they applauding?
The speaker, Dr. Lister from England.
Lister to speak against me?
Ladies and gentlemen
The tribute that we render
Pasteur on this occasion
is small indeed
compared to the countless millions
who will honor his memory
in generations to come.
The vaccines for anthrax
and hydrophobia
are great accomplishments.
But even greater still, I believe
is the fact
that thousands of people will be saved
from unnecessary death
from infection.
And mothers
need no longer fear
surgery or childbirth.
In the name of France I greet you.
M. Pasteur
I greet you in the name of humanity.
Great Lister
From his imperial majesty
The czar of all Russia
with profoundest gratitude.
I have no words to express.
You young men
and scientists of the future
do not let yourselves be tainted
by apparent skepticism
nor discouraged by the sadness
of certain hours
that creep over nations.
do not become angry at your opponents
for no scientific theory
has ever been accepted
without opposition.
Live in the serene peace
of libraries
and laboratories.
Say to yourselves first
what have I done for my instruction.
And as you gradually advance
what am I accomplishing?
Until the time comes
when you may have the immense
happiness of thinking
that you have contributed in some way
to the welfare
and progress
of mankind.