Ancient Aliens s13e03 Episode Script

The Alien Protocols

We don't know what protocols governments might have for how we interact with our extraterrestrial visitors.
Two, one, let it go! We've never found an official sanctioned document that says, if we're invaded by aliens, this is what we do.
Doesn't mean that there isn't one.
In we go, huh? I believe that these protocols are already established, and, in fact, we are already in contact with extraterrestrials.
What we actually could be looking at here is a genuine alien life-form.
The question I have is, what are we gonna do? October 19, 2017.
The Hawaiian island of Maui.
Here, perched atop a 10,000-foot summit, stands the Haleakala Observatory.
Astronomers using The Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System, or Pan-STARRS, detect a mysterious object traveling at high speed through our solar system.
The trajectory of this object is unlike any that has ever been seen before.
I was in charge of coordinating the observing to characterize the object.
The object was discovered.
And, at that point, there were images taken that showed an object moving rapidly with respect to the stars.
The stars are individual dots of light, and this object was a streak, so they knew it was moving fast.
At that point, they started to compute an orbit to try and understand what this object was.
This was a really dramatic difference from what had been seen previously.
The object was found to have a highly unusual hyperbolic orbit, suggesting that it was traveling at such a high rate of speed that it was not being pulled into a more circular orbit by the force of gravity.
Everything in the solar system is either on a circular or an elliptical orbit.
This was a particularly exciting observation, because we had never seen anything like this come through the solar system.
The object, which was classified as an asteroid and named 'Oumuamua, a Hawaiian word meaning "scout" or "messenger," is the first object of its kind to be officially recognized as interstellar.
An asteroid was discovered coming into our solar system.
Let that sink in.
An asteroid was discovered coming into our solar system.
From where we don't know.
It just came from outside our solar system, meaning it's from a different star system, somewhere else.
That's historic, that we've actually seen it.
We now know objects can travel from one star system to another.
Researchers engaged in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, or SETI, were intrigued not only by 'Oumuamua's origins, but also by its unusual shape.
It had a very funny shape.
It's shaped like a cigar.
You know, it's maybe five or ten times as long as it is across.
No asteroid that we know of looks like a cigar.
Inevitably, there were people saying, "Well, are you sure it's a rock? "Maybe there's somebody inside this thing.
Maybe they've come to visit.
" Now, if I were gonna build a spaceship that was gonna take hundreds of years, or maybe thousands or millions of years to go from one star to another, I would start by finding a big asteroid that I like, that had all the minerals on it.
And I would use that and just turn it into the ship I wanted.
Mainstream astronomers such as Avi Loeb, the chair of Harvard University's astronomy department, noted that the cigar shape of 'Oumuamua is the optimal design for a vessel to travel through space.
This has led ancient astronaut theorists and even some astronomers to question if the so-called asteroid is actually an extraterrestrial vessel.
What I think is interesting is that 'Oumuamua is cigar-shaped.
Because there are stories and eyewitness reports of cigar-shaped UFOs.
So is it possible that there is some type of a connection? Reports of strange, cigar-shaped UFOs date back hundreds of years.
This famous woodcut from 1561, for example, is based on a firsthand account by someone who claimed that a number of round and tubular objects could be seen battling in the sky over the town of Nuremberg, Germany.
This first documented UFO photograph captured what looks like a long, cylindrical craft hovering over Mount Washington, New Hampshire in 1870.
And in modern times, sightings of cigar-shaped UFOs are commonly reported, as are those which are described as so-called "flying saucers.
" It is possible that an asteroid has been taken, hollowed out, made into a spaceship, and then put into a special orbit or trajectory.
And what might be inside of 'Oumuamua is anyone's guess.
Discoveries like 'Oumuamua certainly have swayed the scientific community towards our ideas, because for the first time in my life have I heard an astronomer say that this object that is floating through our solar system right now, may be an extraterrestrial craft.
That doesn't come from me; it comes from an astronomer.
Maybe 'Oumuamua was a false alarm, but maybe it was the real thing.
However, it does inform us that we need a protocol.
We need steps in place that will help us to determine what we are actually seeing and what the response should be.
This was a tremendous wake-up call, because it started to give us a sense of how would we respond if there were such an intrusion, if you will.
Does humanity have a plan for what to do in the event that a spacecraft carrying extraterrestrial beings comes to our planet? And, if so, what are the protocols? And who is responsible for implementing them? The International Academy of Astronautics set up something called the Post Detection Task Group, and I chaired that for some years.
And it was just an informal, uh, collection of people who, uh, whose job was to simply deliberate on if there should be some sort of putative signal, or detection of alien technology, what next? What do we do? Who do we tell? How do we respond? What would the impact be on society? In 1989, the International Academy of Astronautics, working with SETI, published the "Declaration of Principles Concerning Activities" Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence.
" It stated that if proof of an alien presence is confirmed, the next consideration should be to decide which government or scientific entity should begin communication, so that the situation does not quickly turn into an international free-for-all.
The SETI protocols, however, are only binding on the astronomical community.
There are many more players in the equation.
The SETI protocols may cover astronomers, but they don't cover governments and they're not even legally binding.
Nobody can tell a radio astronomer, or anybody else, that they're not allowed to transmit.
And even if the United States and other major nations decided that there should be some sort of moratorium on using radio telescopes for that purpose, there's nothing to prevent North Korea, for example, from doing it.
I think it's totally "unpoliceable," which is why we have to think through rather carefully what the consequences would be, in the event that there was this exciting discovery.
Considering the enormous global impact of any first communication or contact between someone from Earth and an intelligent being from another planet, wouldn't world governments already have their own protocols in place to handle such a situation? Protocols that would govern Not just individual countries But everyone in the world? I spent the better part of about four years researching, uh, a book that myself and, uh, and some colleagues were working on to create a protocol: if we were invaded by aliens, what would we do? And we searched everywhere we could, and we had several databases available to us, and we've never found an official sanctioned government document that says if we're invaded by aliens, this is what we do.
Doesn't mean that there isn't one.
With my experience of the British Ministry of Defence, I'd be surprised if there wasn't a protocol for this.
So I suspect that somewhere, deep in the bowels of the Ministry of Defence and the Department of Defense, there is a plan.
But I also suspect that it's highly classified.
But while many of the world's top governments continue to deny the existence of any plans or protocols that would be used in the event of an extraterrestrial encounter, many ancient astronaut theorists believe that not only do such plans exist, but that they have been in place for decades.
And that contact between Earth governments and extraterrestrial visitors has been happening In secret For thousands of years.
December 2017.
The New York Times publishes a bombshell story.
It reveals the existence of a $22 million black budget program within the Pentagon created to investigate whether unidentified flying objects pose a threat to national security.
From 2007 until 2012, the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program collected a compilation of videos that show inexplicable aerial phenomena, some of which have been released to the public.
One of these videos, at least, comes from the gun camera of an F-18.
And you don't just jump out in your plane and fly out and chase something because you saw it go by.
You were told to do so, and it took a lot of people to know this was going on.
Although the complete findings of the program otherwise known as AATIP are still considered highly classified and may never be released, its very existence provides proof that the United States military had protocols in place for how to investigate unidentified flying objects.
But do the videos imply something else? Something of even greater significance? Could they be evidence not only that UFOs exist, but that the government has been studying them and not shooting them down for a reason? We simulate all sorts of scenarios in war gaming simulations.
I've seen these simulations where they can teleport their soldiers from one place to another instantaneously.
Or they have shields that keep anything below extremely high-caliber weapons from penetrating their armor.
A lot of times this is called an engagement for 2075.
Now, think about that.
We can prepare and plan for engagements against forces in the future.
That's almost like preparing for a force that's just that much more advanced than us.
Is it possible that by gathering and then studying evidence of UFO activity, the U.
S.
military is developing protocols which will prepare future soldiers to face what could be extraterrestrial forces? And if not here on Earth, on other planets? We've got to have space capabilities.
We've got to be able to run out into our vehicle, turn it on, and fly up into space.
Right now it takes months to prepare to go into space.
We need to have bases on the Moon and on Mars and Europa, various other places in the solar system so that we don't have to play on one staging ground: Earth.
We can't fight wearing a space suit.
We're gonna have to have some other type of environment capability, like powered armor suits, like in Iron Man, that improves your abilities instead of hinders them.
So we need some other technology for that.
But if the United States military has secret protocols for how to identify and combat extraterrestrial threats, could they also have protocols for more peaceful encounters? And if so, could these protocols also be part of a global strategy, one secretly shared with other nations around the world? Vatican City, May 2014.
In a sermon dedicated to concepts of inclusion, Pope Francis shocks his congregation when he declares that if alien life-forms ever arrive on Earth, he would welcome them into the Catholic Church.
The pontiff's remarks stun the world, as it is the first time that a sitting pope acknowledges not only that extraterrestrial life exists, but that it could be intelligent and capable of interplanetary travel.
The Pope's action is one little example of the broad shift in attitudes toward the possibility of visitation.
Religious authorities around the world, leaders of the world religions are having to deal with the possibility, if not the already known reality, of the existence of extraterrestrial beings.
Whether a secretly held belief or a recently evolved position, faith-based organizations around the globe have recently embraced a more open and transparent view that intelligent life beyond Earth is possible.
The Catholic Church's statements are allied with the statements of the Dalai Lama, who has recently been talking about openness and oneness and the sameness of all the creatures in creation, that we shouldn't treat extraterrestrial beings as strangers, but rather as similar to us.
When they will encounter us or we will encounter them, it does not have to be conflict if we do not allow it to be so.
As far as ancient astronaut theorists are concerned, the willingness of world religions to embrace the notion of visitations by extraterrestrial beings is not new but dates back hundreds, if not thousands, of years.
They argue that most religions, if not all, are based on the idea that not only do otherworldly beings exist, but that their purpose in coming to Earth has been to provide everything from spiritual enlightenment to scientific knowledge.
In 1999, NASA published a study called "The Societal Implications of Astrobiology.
" What this study was designed to do at its core was evaluate the impact of disclosure on religion.
NASA views religion as an adaptive tool that can help people to answer questions that science can't answer because, in their view, religion has been dealing with extraterrestrials for a long time.
People have been told to have faith in otherworldly beings.
All of the major religions have prophecies of the return of a Christ, a messiah, a savior figure.
And very often these returns involve what appear to be, in the description, some method of cosmic transportation.
The Messiah comes with an army of angels.
And the angels we know from biblical definition are certainly not human by any standards.
They are by every standard of definition extraterrestrial.
The shock of extraterrestrials being here and having been here for thousands of years will really change society.
Eventually, everyone on planet Earth will realize that we are not alone.
Is it possible that the religious concept of a messiah who returns to Earth for the betterment of mankind was based on a message given to our ancestors by otherworldly beings? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that the answer is a resounding yes and that not only was such a visitation promised, but that it is already occurring.
March 2018.
Author and researcher Andrew Collins travels to Sheffield, England, to witness a remarkable demonstration.
- Hi, guys.
- Hello.
- Andrew, how are you? - Ah, Chris.
- Pleasure.
- I'm Milton.
He is meeting with microbiologist Milton Wainwright and engineer Chris Rose, two members of the research team who are convinced that life on Earth may have originated in space through a process known as panspermia, a theory that dates as far back as the fifth century BC.
According to the theory, microbial life is capable of traveling through the universe and may on occasion survive entry into Earth's atmosphere.
I understand you've made some incredible discoveries.
Please tell me all about it.
In the early 2000s, my colleague Chandra Wickramasinghe, um, we were launching balloons from India.
And these were sampling the air at 41 kilometers.
And they showed that organisms are continually arriving all the time.
Panspermia is extremely simple idea.
Basically, it's the idea that life came from space.
Instead of being formed on this planet, it came from space.
My findings relate to panspermia simply, and they show that organisms are coming in at this very moment from space.
Tell me how you actually collect these samples.
This is our, our balloon that's gonna give us the buoyancy from the the hydrogen gas here.
Now, our capture mechanism is right here.
Let me show you this.
This exposes little metal stubs to the environment.
And you're looking to see if you can get microbes coming from the upper atmosphere - and not from the Earth itself? - That's right.
All the critics say they're coming from Earth because we're surrounded by life.
But we have lots of evidence that this material is not coming from Earth.
It's incoming from space.
I mean, it sounds incredible.
I mean, have you ever lost any of these? No, and we're not about to start today.
- So fingers crossed, guys.
- Brilliant.
The team moves the balloon into launch position, from which it will ascend more than 37 kilometers, or 23 miles, into the air.
Okay, guys.
Ready? Andrew, on you.
Countdown, please.
Okay.
Five, four, three, two, one.
Let it go! Oh, there it goes.
Once the balloon reaches its target altitude within the Earth's stratosphere, the capture mechanism will hopefully collect samples of non-Earth-based microbial life.
After the sampling is complete, the balloon bursts, and the capture mechanism descends back to Earth under the safety of a parachute.
The team uses GPS tracking to locate where the mechanism lands.
Once retrieved, the sample is quickly secured in a sealed container so that it does not become contaminated with microbes from Earth.
Moments later, Andrew joins Milton and Chris at a nearby laboratory.
Here they will extract the microbes inside a sterilized clean room and then analyze them to make sure no Earth microbes have contaminated the sample.
A clean room.
- Mm-hmm.
- How can you ensure the sterilization? What are the protocols - behind this process? - Right.
It's really all about sterilizing the air inside, to make sure the air inside contains no microorganisms.
So all the air is filtered.
Milton and Chris remove the carbon tabs from the capture mechanism and place them into vacuum-sealed containers.
This will further prevent contamination while they view the samples with a scanning electron microscope.
Wow.
What on earth is that? I can tell that this is biological.
If you analyze this, I'm pretty certain this will show as carbon, oxygen, and a little bit of nitrogen.
Now, that's the signature for life.
We're saying that this piece of biological life could - potentially be extraterrestrial in origin? - Right.
There's nothing from Earth around it.
It's pristine.
So it's incoming.
Now, if we do a bit of, um, modeling studies, we come to the conclusion that nothing bigger than six microns can go out.
And this is 200.
So it's a very large particle, and it's coming in.
What we actually could be looking at here is a genuine alien life-form? What you're looking at there is an organism or a clump of organisms that is incoming from space to Earth.
Nothing bigger than six microns can go from the surface of the Earth to these altitudes that we sample at.
And yet we are finding particles all the way up to 200.
They can't be coming up from Earth.
Absolutely amazing.
It's blown my head off.
Biological organisms not from Earth but from somewhere in space? Could we be looking at actual evidence of a living organism from a world other than our own? We've actually found evidence of what could be extraterrestrial biological entities.
To see those images was extraordinary, and it's convinced me that the Earth is surrounded by life that almost certainly came from outer space.
This is one we took earlier, as they say.
This is the most amazing image I've ever seen in my life.
It's got biological material here.
And this material we know contains carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen.
So this is biological.
When we analyzed the ball, we found it contained titanium and a small amount of vanadium.
So this is a titanium sphere with life inside and life on the outside.
Now, what on earth is it? One possibility is that this is directed panspermia.
Some civilization has put biological material inside and just on the outside of this thing and they've spewed it out.
And this suggests that some alien civilization is seeding planets.
This smoking gun of, uh, panspermia or even directed panspermia could give us the best evidence yet that aliens, in some form, seeded life on this Earth, which is an incredible thought.
NASA have, uh, a department known as the Office of Planetary Protection - to safeguard, uh, the Earth - Right.
From extraterrestrial biological entities - whatever you want to call them - Yeah.
From actually penetrating into the Earth's atmosphere.
There are extremely detailed plans and protocols for bringing back any probe that we send to another planet or moon or asteroid.
The protocols that are in place shut out the possibility of us studying actual biological entities that may exist on the edge of our own stratosphere that have arrived here from deep space themself.
Uh, and I find that very sad, very tragic.
If extraterrestrial microbes are landing on our planet, can NASA's strict protocols really protect us from biological contamination? Or could it be that the contamination is not only unstoppable but it is the very method by which life on Earth began to evolve millions of years ago? October 4, 1957.
The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1, the first satellite to orbit the Earth.
Its success stunned the world and shocked the United States into action.
The space race was on.
And with it came the creation of NASA, the government's first fully funded agency charged with not only putting humans into space but to have a man land on the Moon by 1969.
In fact, so thorough was NASA's focus on all aspects of space exploration that it commissioned a study on "the implications" of a discovery of extraterrestrial life," otherwise known as the Brookings Report.
The Brookings Institute report didn't just ask, are there aliens out there? It took it to the next level and said, what happens when we find them? The implications of discovering extraterrestrial life are profound, and they're implications that go across all levels of society.
Politics, economics, religion, technology, science.
Everything will be affected.
The Brookings Report specifically says you should release information, little by little, bit by bit, so that people get culturally acclimated to the idea of aliens and extraterrestrials.
We've always speculated, those of us in broadcasting, why isn't government coming forward, telling us what's going on, telling us the truth? And a lot of people cite the old Brookings Report that basically said we can't handle the truth.
There'd be mass chaos.
Religions would collapse.
Governments would collapse.
So the government has decided, we're not saying anything.
Does the existence of the Brookings Report provide evidence that not only does the United States have protocols and procedures in place in the event of extraterrestrial contact but that such protocols have deliberately been kept a secret from the American public for nearly 60 years? But if so, why? I do not believe that government, essentially, is negative, evil and harmful, deceptive or lying.
We should look back to 1938, when Orson Welles did his famous radio program on Halloween night called War of the Worlds, wherein which, through an enactment, New York was to be invaded.
People around the country listening to this radio program were terrified.
The machines are close together now, and we're ready to attack.
Planes circling, ready to strike.
Our government's learned from this.
People will panic.
Some people have thought that it's important to-to prepare the public.
You know, I've always said I think the American public can handle the truth.
The government would do well to be more open about what it's done in the past, what it learned in the past, what it's doing today, uh, and what it'll do in the future.
But while the U.
S.
government does not acknowledge having any official protocols for first contact, it makes no secret of its ongoing efforts to explore the possibilities of extraterrestrial communication.
Cape Canaveral, Florida.
September 5, 1977.
NASA launches the Voyager 1 probe.
Its mission is to journey to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune and send back important information.
But perhaps more interesting than the information Voyager 1 was programmed to collect was the information it was carrying with it.
The two Voyager spacecraft were each launched in 1977 on a mission of exploration of the outer solar system.
And both of them kept on going, to leave the solar system, uh, forever.
They weren't coming back.
And as a result of this, NASA invited Carl to put a message on both of the Voyager spacecraft.
As conceived by a team of experts led by famed astronomer Carl Sagan, Voyager's so-called Golden Record was designed to send greetings from the people of planet Earth to whatever form of alien life it might encounter that had intelligence enough to decode it.
I'd been collaborating with Carl for about five years.
We shared a passion for this topic Extraterrestrial intelligence and how to communicate with it And I happened to be at the right place at the right time when he was trying to form a small team to actually make the message.
I was a design director on the project, and my main role was designing, with Frank Drake, the series of photographs and diagrams that show what the Earth and human beings are like.
The Golden Record kick-started this thought process, this approach to philosophy of, how do we define who we are if we came across an intelligent civilization? How would we represent ourselves? The Golden Record shows Earth on a good day.
Some of our best music, a lot of pleasant-looking people saying hello.
No war, no poverty, no injustice.
And this was by design.
First of all, it's not obvious how you would show these things to an extraterrestrial.
I mean, a starving baby evokes a huge emotional reaction from us.
Maybe a baby is supposed to look that way.
They wouldn't know.
It seemed important to me, in being asked to design this thing, that it should tell a story.
And the story is, of course, our story.
It's a story of our planet, it's a story of life, it's a story of humans, and it's a story of our future.
In terms of the protocols that we would use in actually replying back to a message that we got from an intelligent civilization, different experts have different opinions.
Some people believe that we should try and represent the best version of ourselves.
On the other end of the spectrum, you could potentially upload the entire Internet, along with all of our dark sides, so that you could have a full and complete picture of who we are as a species.
Does NASA's involvement in the design and implementation of Carl Sagan's Golden Record provide evidence of the government's belief that intelligent life exists in the universe? If so, is that belief the product of mere scientific speculation, or a conviction based on previous extraterrestrial encounters? For the answer, ancient astronaut theorists point to the government's long history of trying to establish secret alien communications.
Washington, D.
C.
March 24, 1961.
The Brookings Report, the first official government document to suggest protocols for what to do in the event of alien contact, is submitted to the House Committee on Science and Astronautics and entered into the Congressional Record.
But ancient astronaut theorists suggest that those protocols weren't new, but, in fact, had been in place ever since President Harry Truman ordered an investigation into the famed Roswell incident in 1947.
Truman, inside of his administration, reached out to scientists, reached out to military people, reached out to businessmen, formed this group called Majestic 12 MJ-12 To do research and report to him.
And no one outside is to know anything about UFOs, E.
T.
s, crash retrievals, bodies, any of it.
There is actually a document called The Majestic 12 Special Operations Manual, which actually describes what a military officer or enlisted man should do should he encounter a crashed UFO, should he encounter an extraterrestrial being, alive or dead, and how the body should be disposed of.
And it's a very, very detailed set of protocols, basically for how to handle it if you run into E.
T.
Aerospace engineer Dr.
Robert Wood was one of the first people to examine the MJ-12 documents.
It is his opinion, based in part on the descriptions of spacecraft in the documents, that the Special Operations Manual is genuine.
The Special Operations Manual is remarkable in several ways.
It gives detailed descriptions of four shapes of UFOs.
Another thing is that it talks about extraterrestrial biological entities.
The Majestic 12 talks very frankly about extraterrestrial biological entities, and their protocols.
There is under Chapter Five, "Encounters" And that is tied to what happened to Lonnie Zamora down in Socorro.
On April 24, 1964, there was a New Mexico police officer in Socorro, New Mexico named Lonnie Zamora who noticed what appeared to him to be some sort of wrecked vehicle off the side of the road.
So he pulled his police car over and he started to walk towards it.
When he got closer to the vehicle, he realized that it was some sort of egg-shaped craft with these four landing legs that were stuck into the ground, and he saw two beings who were in silver suits.
And the two beings went back inside the craft, and the object took off and sped away.
And when another officer came back out to the site, they went to where the craft had landed, and they discovered four holes in the ground where the landing legs had stuck into the dirt.
Lonnie Zamora's encounter made headlines in 1964.
Since then, further information about the incident has become available online from leaked government files.
Files, which, if genuine, corroborate the protocols that are described in the MJ-12 documents.
In the Serpo documents, they talk about the Ebens, as they were named, and arrangements for them to actually land and have a diplomatic exchange with U.
S.
government officials at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico.
What's explained in the documents is that the Zamora sighting is actually the two emissaries who had got the coordinates wrong and had actually landed in the wrong place.
Is it possible that the United States government is not only aware of, but possibly in contact with, extraterrestrial beings? Ancient astronaut theorists say yes and suggest that the United Nations may even have an ambassador to extraterrestrials.
September 2010.
News organizations across the globe report that the United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs intends to draft a series of protocols on what to do when first contact with an extraterrestrial civilization is officially made.
The story causes a sensation, but then, after a few days, the story mysteriously disappears.
When pressed for further information, officials at the United Nations have refused to comment.
The United Nations announced that it would create some protocols for extraterrestrial contact, but so far they have not given those to us.
Just because protocols have not been announced doesn't mean that they don't exist.
I believe that these protocols are already established, and, in fact, we are already in contact with extraterrestrials.
The United Nations have said, "Do not come to us with questions like this until there's an international consensus.
" Well, there is no international consensus on this.
Imagine if aliens showed up here tomorrow and said, "Take me to your leader," like you always see in the movies or hear in the stories.
Well, who would that be? A lot of people think, "Oh, it's the Secretary General of the U.
N.
" Uh, well, maybe, maybe not.
What they would look at is who has the largest industrial machine on the planet.
And I would say it would have to be the president of the United States, the president of Russia and of China.
They'd have to be there together.
But if intelligent beings are technologically advanced enough to travel to Earth, whose protocols will matter more ours or theirs? As we prepare for this worldwide reality of extraterrestrial life being known here on planet Earth, we have to see that the extraterrestrials are gonna have different protocols than we would have that will be far more sophisticated than anything we can conceive.
And we will have to really follow their lead in how we interact with them and other extraterrestrials as we go into space ourselves.
Are these two worlds that are about to meet Are they compatible? And I say yes because we come from out there.
Because in Native American culture, there are legends of 13 inhabited worlds, planets out there, and we are the youngest.
This world is called "the planet of the children.
" And what does a child do? I think children they listen, they soak up the knowledge.
So I think it's time for us to look more at our ancient past, look at the traditions, and see and learn that we've never been alone.
As NASA eagerly prepares to send astronauts to Mars, it must face the fact that it will be humans that will become the alien visitors to another planet.
And what will we do if we come face-to-face with living proof that we are not alone? Will we welcome them, or will they welcome us?